Abdullahi Factors Influencing Relief Food Distribution System In Kenya-10

Chamberlain College of Nursing **We aren't endorsed by this school
ALL 66
Nov 1, 2023
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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study The term Food Assistance (FA) has been tossed around by humanitarian actors in the face of hazard outbreaks without clear conception of the entire Relief and Development (R&D) phenomena. This Thesis presents weaknesses in entire food assistance evaluation system within the context of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation in the optimal globalized and complex nature of Relief and Development (World Bank 2010). Relief food distribution is a humanitarian response to general food insecurity that is a result of an array of causes ranging from climatic hazards to general incompetence in food production, purchasing or gathering. In Kenya food insecurity is either a result of failed seasons mainly from low and erratic rainfall or on the other hand resulting from floods. One of the critical basic issues confronting Less Developed Countries (LDCS) is the phenomena of poverty, inequality and general underdevelopment. These issues have become the focus of Relief and Development. (R&D) not only to national policy makers but also to International Development Partners. Indeed, Relief and Development is a complex phenomenon and there is no single typology for optimising its implementation. Further more, the geographical, political, cultural and economic peculiarities provide added challenges to the realization of R&D at global level, while at local settings in LDCS, the modes of intervention have been general food distributions and food-for assets depending on the levels of food insecurity (FAO, 2008). Relief aid to victims affected by conflict or natural disasters is a growing industry. In 1990, international humanitarian assistance amounted to about 2 billion dollars; by 2000 the total of was up to nearly 5 billion dollars (OECD/DC) estimates, 2000). The huge humanitarian crises in Afghanistan and several other regions of Africa likely meant additional large increases in food assistance. For instance the conflict in Sudan led to the displacement of over 2.5 million in Dafur who are in dire need of food assistance plus an other half a million returnees from southern Sudan. This has a huge humanitarian impact and hence posing a challenge to humanitarian agencies, Wassenhove etal-(2005). 1
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