Some of the main data points I came across are:
Dr. Dennis Quinn recently left his position as Police Inspector,
having served 31 years, in the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
On April 4, 2002, the police service for Northern Ireland officially
took over from the royal ulster constabulary (RUC).
These new police service became one of the largest police
organizations in the UK
The Patten Commission established to review policing (Belfast
Agreement, 1999) made 175 major recommendations that called
for radical change including many of which related to cultural
aspects of the organization, e.g., representation, diversity,
symbols, and uniform.
"Effective communication is a vital ingredient of attempts to
increase participation, secure the widespread ownership of
corporate goals and implement such programs as Total Quality
Quasi-military or paramilitary lines synonymous with hierarchical
command structures have also been associated with police
Lack of consultation and poor communications have been listed
as elements of how ineffective management affects stress within
the police service10 while internal communication and
understanding have been rated as some of the major themes for