MIN-430 - Topic 7 - DQ2 - functional elements such as explanation, illustration, and application

MIN-430 Topic 7 - DQ 2 October 13, 2023 Elias Ruiz Professor and Classmates, Merida says that the functional elements of a sermon are explanation, illustration, and application, though he says that an illustration is not necessarily needed (Merida, 2009, p. 119). The first one, Explanation, is the process of making an issue clear and understandable. It is better to start with this one as the others are 'servants' of Explanation (p.119). Application is asking 'what does this text say to hearers?' It is putting something to use. Chapell, in 'Christ-Centered Preaching' explains that without application, a preacher has no reason to preach because truth without actual potential application fulfills no redemptive purpose (Chapell, 2018, p.188). Illustration, 'To Enlighten or Make Clear" (p. 127). An illustration is that which brings light and life to biblical truth. My preferred functional element for my expository sermon would be Explanation, walking through the text by explaining what it meant to its original hearers. It will include an exegetical work through the structure and the meaning of the text. It is essential because the other three elements are servants and are subjected to the others. The passage needs to be explained to be understood or not misunderstood. Be careful of going into much detail so as not to confuse or bore the people. Giving the right explanation will prepare and excite the people expecting the main message. Sometimes the text in the Old Testament is typological. It is a Biblical idea that crosses both testaments. More specifically, a type in Scripture is a person or thing in the Old Testament that foreshadows a person or thing in the New Testament. For example, the flood of Noah's day (Genesis 6— 7) is used as a type of baptism in 1 Peter 3:20-21. The word for "type" that Peter uses is figure. ( www.Gotquestions.com ). Jesus' own disciples, both before and after Pentecost, frequently didn't understand what the Master was doing. Although they had a perfect Teacher, they often failed to understand him correctly. Nevertheless, Jesus used them. This demonstrated that the disciples' success resulted from God's work, not human achievement. " Crux " is Latin for Cross. A "crux" is also the most important point of any topic. For Christianity, the Cross of Christ is the crux ; the most important point, the decisive issue. Pastor Eli Chapell, B. (2018). Christ-Centered preaching: Redeeming the Expository Sermon. Baker Academic. https://books.google.ie/books?id=yL2wtAEACAAJ&dq=isbn:9780801099748&hl=&cd=1&source=gbs_api
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