Language disorders in early childhood

LANGUAGE DISORDERS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Lecture 8/25 Communication - Language is the greatest predictor of a child's success later in school/in life - Communication may be the best indicator of a developmental delay. Language - What is it? o A rule-governed behavior Defined as the comprehension and/or use of a spoken, written, and/or other communication symbol system o A socially shared code, representing ideas... o Use of arbitrary symbols o Rules used to govern the combination of these symbols - Terminology - Specific Language Impairment (SLI) o Previous dominated in literature o Related to a language only disorder in past - Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) o Umbrella term o Ex: Down-syndrome Umbrella terms that fit under these: Language delay
Language disorder (expressive or receptive) Language impairment Language disability - What causes language disorders? o No single cause o Intellectual disabilities/developmental language disorders secondary o Multiple risk factor may co-occur Genetic/biological Cognition (perception, processing, memory, learning) - Risk factor or not? o Risk factors Hearing loss Family history Medical conditions Weak muscles Significant lack of stimulation o Not a cause Tongue-tied Laziness Birth order Being a twin (except if there were prenatal or postnatal risk factors) Learning two languages - Early experiences, identification, and intervention to make a difference o Early ID and intervention may Provide better and faster outcomes for the child (early experience affect brain structure, "use it or lose it" principle) Prevent a cumulative delay Prevent or decrease the severity of language delays in preschoolers - What is typical development?
- Summary of RED FLAGS o No babbling at 12 months o No gesturing o No single words by 16 months o No 2-word combination spontaneous phrases by 24 months
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