Human Resource Management Randi Williams BUSI-1301-006 1.What is a 360-degree performance review? What are its advantages and disadvantages? A 360-degree performance review is typically anonymous and written by your peers to receive relevant and helpful performance feedback. One advantage to a 360-degree performance review is that they provide more well-rounded and diverse feedback. A second advantage is that 360- degree reviews help identify development needs at an individual and organizational level. A third advantage is that a 360-degree plan helps make managers better. Some disadvantages are that 360-degree reviews require a lot of effort. Gathering feedback can take a lot of time. Another disadvantage is that people can become frustrated if they do not see their feedback being implemented. A final disadvantage is that, without the right participants, the 360-degree review will not be effective. 2.What are the main tasks of a human resource manager? The main tasks of a human resource manager are employee recruitment, employee training and performance evaluation, employee benefits, and planning for staffing needs. Employee recruitment is when the HR manager identifies suitable candidates and encourages them to apply for open job positions in an organization. Employee training involves teaching the employee the skills necessary for a job. It also involves investing time, energy, and money into the continuous development of theemployee's skills so that they can handle the changes of the company's needs. Employee benefits and compensation help attract and retain qualified employees. Understanding the needs of your employees ahead of time helps human resources to take care of their employees and build the loyalty and trust the employees will have in the company. 3. What is the function of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)? The EEOC is responsible for protecting employees from types of discrimination. For example, discrimination against race, color, religion, or sex. They protect against unfair treatment, harassment, improper questions of personal information, and retaliation. 4.Describe several recruiting techniques used by human resource managers. You can have both internal and external recruiting. Internal recruiting allows employees to see that they have an opportunity to move up in the company. It is also cheaper and easier to predict if that employee will have success or not in their new position based on past work experience within the company. Recruiting externally allows for the opportunity to bring fresh innovative
ideas to the company. HR managers often recruit from college campuses, announcement on employee websites, social media, and local job fairs. 5. What is a management development program? It is a program used to help strengthen leadership capabilities. It ensures that you have the knowledge, skills, and resources needed to be an effective leader. Some lessons that should be included in a management development program are emotional intelligence, communication, strategy, execution, and conflict resolution. 6. What are the steps in the process of motivation? The steps in motivation are psychological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization needs. These steps must be addressed in order so that the process to be successful. People would first focus on finding what jobs can keep food on the table. Then they will search for a job that will not have much risk. Because people are naturally social creatures, they will want to work among people. Then you would want to find a job that would display your intellect. Lastly, you would realize that you have a job that perfectly fits your needs. 7. Explain goal-setting theory. The goal-setting theory is the theory that an employee's motivation to do their job depends on the extent to which they accept specific, challenging goals. By receiving feedback, the employees can see the progress they are making towards that goal, further motivating them. For this to work, the goal must be specific, a reasonable level of difficulty, acceptable, and have performance feedback. 8. Describe three ways that managers restructure jobs to increase employee motivation. Managers can restructure jobs through job enlargement, job enrichment, or job rotation. Job enlargementexpands an employee's responsibilitiesand gives them more variety. Job enrichment expands job duties that allows employees to make their own decisions and gives them the opportunity to learn new skills. Job rotation moves employees from one job to another. 9. What is downsizing? How is it different from outsourcing? Downsizing is a permanent reduction of a company's labor force.Outsourcing is when services are given to a third party on a contract. Downsizing typically involves layoffs while outsourcing involves a change in job responsibilities. 10. Why has Internet recruiting become such an important tool for human resource managers? The internet has become a large part of life in our world today. Online recruitment makes it easy to communicate with potential candidates. It also makes it easy to show open positions in your company.