FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICER TEST (JOB KNOWLEDGE) NEW UPDATE SOLVED SOLUTION The architect Maya Lin is known for designing the - Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington DC The Freedom of Information Act, enacted by Congress in 1966, was expanded in 1996 to encompass - electronic records The Council of Economic Advisers advises which of the following on monetary and fiscal policy? - The President of the United States After a 3 percent raise and a $3,000 bonus, a worker's salary increased to $50,000. What was the worker's salary before the raise and bonus? - $45,631 All of the following are examples of United States products that would typically fail to be produced to optimal output without government intervention EXCEPT - new automobiles The US constitution forbids national and state governments from enacting which of the following criminal statues because it is retroactive and would work to the disadvantage of an individual - Ex post facto laws What are ex post facto laws? - A law that makes illegal an act that was legal when committed, increases the penalties for an infraction after it has been committed, or changes the rules of evidence to make conviction easier. In federal government budgeting, "mandatory" spending differs from "discretionary" spending in which way? - Mandatory spending is not subject to the annual appropriations process To justify military action without congressional approval, Presidents Harry S. Truman, George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton relied on a resolution from which of the following organizations? - United Nations Security Council The cabinet-level agency with primary responsibilities for managing the federal resources of the US, including national parks and American Indian lands, is the department of - The Interior The purpose of the South African policy of apartheid was best described as the - protection of the economic, political, and social status of Afrikaners
The National Labor Relations Act established - Collective bargaining and the right to organize as national policy In the early 20th century, reformers committed to using journalism to expose corporate and urban corruption were commonly known as - muckrakers The test scores for seven students are 90, 90, 70, 40, 80, 90 and 100. What is the median score for this group? - 90 Which of the following Web-based international news sources is published by the Council on Foreign Relations? - Unless told otherwise, a professional journalist will most likely consider anything said by a source to be - on the record Congress can override a Presidential veto of a congressional bill by - passing the bill again by a two-thirds majority in both houses In the United States, there are primarily two levels of law: 1.) The U.S. Constitution and 2.) - laws enacted by elected legislators The military academies at West Point and Annapolis require candidates to obtain a nomination for admission from what U.S. government official? - Congressional representative The primary guideline for effective delegation of tasks to subordinates is to - delegate both pleasant and unpleasant task to subordinates The aphorism that the US cannot have 535 secretaries of State refers to the idea that Congress should defer to the president on foreign policy because - has too great a diversity of views The Department of Defense, the National Security Council and the CIA arose as a result of conclusions drawn by policy makers in the aftermath of - World War II Which of the following amendments to the Constitution affect the political process by declaring that the federal government should not interfere with the press? - First During the Clinton administration, the Congressional Black Caucus received credit for which of the following foreign policy actions? - Pressuring the President to use force to restore the elected president of Haiti A work group that has high performance norms and low cohesiveness will most likely have which of the following levels of performance? - Moderate
Posing rhetorical questions, telling a story, and providing a quotation are all techniques that help a public speaker to - arouse audience curiosity The most economical route for an oil pipeline from Turkmenistan to world export markets would cross - Iran The primary medium for the diffusion of American popular culture throughout the world following World War I was - motion pictures It is common practice of email users to have some specific text automatically appear at the end of their sent messages. This text is called their - signature The War Powers Resolution places which of the following time limits on the US presidents commitment of troops to hostilities without congressional authorization - Sixty days A political device of drawing irregular district lines in order to favor one political power over another is called - gerrymandering During the last decade, federal government direct-hire employment has - Decreased, while employment at the state and local level has risen Amicus Curiae briefs are filed with the courts. What are they? - They are briefs filed by those who are not participants in the case. A figure of speech in which a comparison is made by using "as" or "like" is a - Simile Which of the following scenarios describes a situation in which "gerrymandering" might be in evidence? - An oddly shaped Congressional district has a majority of voters from one of the two major parties while surrounding districts have majorities from the other major party. The __________ Act gave American workers the right to belong to labor unions and engage in collective bargaining - The Wagner Act Concerning the application of rights in the U.S. Constitution's Bill of Rights to the states, which of the following is correct? - Most of the rights in the Bill or Rights have been applied to the states based upon Supreme Court decisions. Some still do not apply. Manufacturers can use promotion to create consumer demand for a product so that consumers exert pressure on marketing channel members to make it available. This is called a - Pull strategy True or False: The rights to be educated in the language spoken in their homes was first granted during the 1820s to Pennsylvania's German speaking population - False
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