Anatomy of Tongue The tongue is a muscular organ located in the mouth that is involved in a variety of functions, including taste, speech, and swallowing. The anatomy of the tongue is complex and involves several structures that work together to allow it to perform these functions. Here is an overview of the anatomy of the tongue: 1. Papillae: Papillae are small bumps on the surface of the tongue that contain taste buds, which allow us to taste different flavors. 2. Lingual frenulum: The lingual frenulum is a band of tissue that connects the underside of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. 3. Muscles: The tongue contains several muscles, including the intrinsic muscles, which are responsible for changing the shape of the tongue, and the extrinsic muscles, which are responsible for moving the tongue in different directions. 4. Salivary glands: The salivary glands located in the tongue produce saliva, which helps to moisten and lubricate food, making it easier to swallow. 5. Nerves: The tongue is innervated by several nerves, including the hypoglossal nerve, which controls the movement of the tongue, and the lingual nerve, which is responsible for providing sensation to the tongue. 6. Epithelium: The surface of the tongue is covered by a layer of epithelial cells, which protect the underlying tissues from damage and help to keep the tongue moist. Overall, the anatomy of the tongue is complex and involves several structures working together to allow it to perform a variety of functions. A healthy tongue is important for proper taste sensation, speech, and swallowing, and it is important to maintain good oral hygiene to keep your tongue healthy.