Buildup To Revolution ●George Grenville ○Prime minister (1763) ○Low colonial taxes ○Colonies relatively wealthy ●Revenue Act, 1764 ○"Sugar Act" ○Goods from West Indies ○Colonial frustration ■Taxation without consent ■Trial by jury ●Currency Act, 1764 ○Paper money and credit ban ○British war debts ●Quartering Act, 1765 ○British troops ○New york ●Stamp Act, 1765 ○Intercolonial sales ■Paper, legal docs, etc. ○Affected vocal groups ■Lawyers, printers, etc. ○Stamp Act Congress ○Sons of Liberty Buildup and Response ●Grenville dismissed (1765) ●Townshend Acts, 1765 ○Tax on imports ■Glass, tea, paint, etc. ○Nonimportation movement ●Boston Massacre, 1770 ○5 civilians killed ○6 wounded ○John Adams legal defense ○Townshend Acts replaced The Precipice ●Tea Act, 1773 ○British East India Company ○Monopoly ●Reactions ○Tar and Feathering Committee
○Boston Tea Party ■December 1773 ■340 chests of tea ■Dress up! Tension Continued ●Coercive Acts, 1774 ○"Intolerable Acts" ○Restricted colonial governments ○Closed Boston Harbor ●Continental Congress ○Meets in Philadelphia ○All colonies but Georgia Move To Disarmament ●Militias ○Colonial protection ○Greatest threat to British Troops ●Massachusetts (April 1775) ○Lexington ○Concord ○British retreat ●Virginia ○Williamsburg ○Lord Dunmore's Proclamation Deterioration ●Bunker Hill (June 1775) ○British victory ○Severe British Losses ●Continental Congress ○Olive Branch Petition ○July 1775 ○Sought reconciliation with King George lll ●Prohibitory Act, 1775 ○All trade with colonies banned ○Fueled Thomas Paine ■Common sense Irreparable Damage ●Declaration of Independence ○July 4, 1776 ●Unity?
○Patriots and Loyalists ○Quakers ○Slaves ■Around 100,000 leave ○Fear of democracy/new government Challenges ●British ○Stretched supply lines ○Who is loyalist? (Tories) ○Overconfidence ●Revolutionaries ○Unpredictable militias ○Who is patriot? ○Defeats of 1776 Strategy ●British ○Cut off New England ○Capture major cities ■Philadelphia ○later focus on south ●Revolutionaries ○Avoid decisive defeat ○Ally with foreign powers War's End ●Yorktown ○General Cornwallis ○Defeat 1781 ●Treaty of Paris (1783) New Government ●State Constitutions ○Experimentation with democracy ○Who votes/has rights? ■Women? ■Slaves? ●New England ●Mid-Atlantic ●Article of Confederation ○"A firm league of friendship" ○No central power
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