Week 5

University of Toronto **We aren't endorsed by this school
CLA 204
Oct 17, 2023
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Lecture 5: The Trojan War Ends (Feb 7) Taylor Stark [email protected] CLA204 H1S CLASSICAL MYTH
Honour and Shame in Homeric Society - Chryseis and Briseis are "war - prizes" ( Greek geras ( γέρας )) -Prizes divided up between warriors -Serve as a visual reminder and representation of that heroes honour and worth in the eyes of society -The greater the portion of war spoils awarded, the greater honour bestowed on the hero -The reason for existence of a Homeric Hero is the accumulation of tim ē (honour = one's worth and value in society and the way one is remembered after death). - tim ē is generated through and equivalent to the acquisition of geras "I did not come to battle over here because of Trojans... ...we came with you To please you, to win honour ( tim ē ) from the Trojans" Achilles, Iliad 167-174
Honour and Shame in Homeric Society -Great tim ē in turn, creates kleos ("glory") - that is, glory everlasting, earned in battle -Particularly at stake for Achilles: For my mother Thetis the goddess of silver feet tells me I carry two sorts of destiny toward the day of my death. Either, if I stay here and fight beside the city of the Trojans, my return home is gone, but my glory shall be everlasting; but if I return home to the beloved land of my fathers, the excellence of my glory is gone, but there will be a long life left for me, and my end in death will not come to me quickly. Iliad 9.410-416
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