CJ-112 - Copy (1)

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CJ-112 Module 3-1 Journal Amber Barry September 16, 2023 The criminal justice system presents four main purposes for punishment. Punishment is society's solution to the injuries it suffers through crime. The utilization of punishment is justified in terms of deterrence, retribution, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. By order of importance, I believe that it is based on the individual. In my opinion, I believe the most important form of punishment is incapacitation. Incapacitation is used primarily to protect the public by preventing criminals from victimizing others by placing them in a situation where they are physically unable to commit a crime (Peak & Persensen-Herold,1, p.252). Incapacitation gives society and citizens feelings of safety knowing the offender is in prison and cannot commit more crimes. This form of punishment is also a deterrence for criminals to not repeat offenses for fear of incarceration. The second form of punishment I believe is most effective is deterrence. Deterrence is the effect of punishments and other actions to deter people from committing a crime. Deterrence aims to reduce crime not by harming offenders but by issuing a threat. I think this is key because people will be less likely to commit a crime when they think of the consequences of their actions. By seeing others being punished for their crimes, the public has a general deterrent effect because they can see what will befall of them if they act with similar behaviors (Peak&Madensen-Herold,2021,p252). The third form of punishment and the oldest in the criminal justice system is retribution. Retribution refers to the idea of seeking punishment equal to a crime. Which is based defined as the phrase "eye for and eye, tooth for a tooth, foot for a foot" (Peak&Madensen-Herold,2021, p.256). The last form of punishment I choose is rehabiliatition.Rehabilitation is the act of making reforms in a criminal's life through vocation, counseling, and educational programs, so they don't return to crime and prison. Capital punishment is the state sanctioned practice of killing a person as a punishment for a crime. This form of punishment has been debated as early as the colonial period. When we examine the four main purposes of punishment, we can relate all the following to capital punishment except for rehabilitation. The first punishment that relates to the death penalty is deterrence. The threat of being executed is enough to make a significant number of people refrain from committing heinous crimes. Retribution clearly relates to the capital punishment with the theory that murders get the death penalty, "eye for and eye". When we look at retribution and capital murder this form of punishment is justified. Incapacitation through incarceration focuses on the idea a criminal can not commit more crimes while they are carrying out their sentence. Capital Punishment is the most severe form of incapacitation. In my opinion I support Capital Punishment and believe that it deters future criminals. Society has a moral obligation to protect its citizens, which is hard now. Death penalty supporters say the savings nationwide could shift to programs that would curb violent crime, more police on the streets, and drug rehabilitation services to address problems that affect many children.
Citation: Peak & Madensen-Herold, (2021) Introduction to Criminal Justice Practice & Process Nbcnews.com If death penalty is abolished what next?
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